The Russian Revolution Changed The World Forever


Stephen Millies

Ninety-six years ago on Nov. 7, 1917, workers and peasants overthrew the capitalist government in Russia.

Two million soldiers in the Russian army had died in World War I. Russia was ruled by the cruel Czar Nicholas II.

Like the United States, the Russian Empire was a big prison of oppressed nationalities. Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Poles, Ukrainians, Georgians, Finns, Armenians and other peoples were denied self-determination.

Russian peasants and workers were also oppressed. Many had been serfs, a sort of land slavery. Serf families couldn’t be broken up and sold like cattle, as African slaves were in the U.S., but they could be worked to death. Thirty thousand serfs died building St. Petersburg, the former Russian capital.

Serfdom was abolished in 1861, two years after John Brown’s raid at Harper’s Ferry. The outbreak of the U.S. Civil War may have influenced the czar to get rid of serfdom before the serfs got rid of him.

Lenin and the Bolsheviks

By 1914, serfdom was gone, but 30,000 big landlords still ruled the countryside. The vast majority of people were peasants who couldn’t read or write. Women had no rights.

Foreign capital poured into Russia, grabbing huge profits from long workdays in the factories. Striking workers were shot down.

Oppression breeds revolution. V.I. Lenin was the greatest leader of Russia’s revolution. He built a communist party commonly known as the Bolsheviks.

Lenin was 17 when his older brother Alexander was hanged in 1887 for trying to assassinate Czar Alexander III. That’s the same age Black revolutionary Jonathan Jackson was in 1970, when he was killed trying to free his older brother George Jackson and other political prisoners.

Lenin studied the teachings of Karl Marx. Lenin taught that workers had to be imbued with Marx’s revolutionary knowledge and determination to win.

Soviets vs. pogroms

The first Russian Revolution broke out in 1905. Workers went on strike, shutting down factories and railroads. Peasants burned the gentry’s mansions. Czarism was on the ropes.

Workers formed councils called soviets. These councils had no formal legislative power, but they had great authority among the workers, peasants and soldiers.

European banks poured in loans to save czarist tyranny. The 1905 Revolution was defeated. The czar was able to pit peasant soldiers against workers and even other peasants, just as billionaires divide poor and working people in the U.S. today with racism and anti-immigrant bigotry.

Mass lynchings called pogroms killed Jewish people, just as the Ku Klux Klan did to African Americans here.

The Bolsheviks fought pogroms with guns in hand. Lenin waged war on racism. He enriched Marxism by teaching that workers in the big capitalist countries had to support revolts in the colonies.

“What emotion, enthusiasm, clear- sightedness and confidence it instilled into me!” was how Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh described Lenin’s “Theses on the National and Colonial Questions.”

Peace, land and bread

Sick of war and hunger, women textile workers in Petersburg went on strike on March 8, 1917, International Working Women’s Day. The holiday commemorates a 1908 march of women garment workers in New York City.

Five days later, czarism was overthrown. Workers, peasants and soldiers made that revolution, but capitalists controlled the new government.

For the next eight months Lenin’s Bolsheviks won millions of poor people to socialist revolution by demanding bread, peace and land. Despite Lenin and other leaders being forced underground, Bolsheviks won majorities in the soviets that sprung up everywhere.

These soviets overthrew capitalist politician Alexander Kerensky on Nov. 7 (Oct. 25 by the old Russian calendar). Many peoples, not just Russians, rose up to break their chains.

Peasants threw out their landlords. Bolsheviks exposed secret treaties among the imperialists that divided up colonies. This revolutionary energy helped overthrow Germany’s kaiser and end World War I in 1918.

Capitalist governments, including the U.S., then waged war against the Soviets on a dozen fronts. But the Red Army, organized and led by another Bolshevik leader, Leon Trotsky, was victorious.

The 73-year war

Following Lenin’s death the enormous difficulties involved in trying to build socialism in a very underdeveloped country, encircled by imperialism, led to struggles in the party and then to backward steps. Soviet leader Joseph Stalin purged Bolshevik opponents while making concessions to careerists and increasing inequality.

Nevertheless, at the same time the Soviet Union launched the first and biggest affirmative action program in history. Every person had the right to education in their own language. The Soviet five-year plans created the world’s second-biggest economy. Everyone had a job.

But the Soviet Union remained the target of world capitalism. German big capital handed power to Adolph Hitler’s Nazi Party so the Nazis could crush the German working class. German imperialism invaded the Soviet Union in 1941.

With Stalin leading the government, the Soviet Union defeated Hitler, but nearly 26 million Soviet people died in World War II. The Red Army liberated all of Eastern Europe from Nazi rule, including the extermination camp at Auschwitz.

The Pentagon spent $5.5 trillion on nuclear weapons aimed at the Soviet Union. This relentless pressure undermined socialist solidarity and finally led to the downfall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Despite this tremendous defeat, the lessons of the October Revolution will live forever.


USA: Enemy of the People of the World


The Supreme Command of the Korean People’s Army in a statement called upon the progressive people across the world to actively join the army and people of the DPRK in defending independence and justice, not blindly following the U.S. high-handed and arbitrary practices.

The U.S. ambition to hold sway the world has lasted for many years. Its aggressive nature became more undisguised after the Second World War.

In this regard, President Kim Il Sung stressed long ago the need to conduct a vigorous struggle against the U.S.-led imperialists. On August 6, Juche 60 (1971), he set forth a strategy for anti-imperialist and anti-U.S. struggle, the keynote of which is to dismember the U.S. imperialists in any places around the world.

The current situation, in which the U.S. high-handed practices have become more rampant in the Korean Peninsula and other parts of the world, represents the validity of this strategy.

The U.S. is intensifying its interference in China’s internal affairs, including the issues of Xinjiang Uygur, Tibet and human rights, and openly poking its nose into the territorial and territorial water disputes in Southeast Asia.

It has almost finished setting up European MD system against Russia and made use of Central Asia and Caucasia as a bridgehead for rounding off encircling regional powers.

U.S. forces are still present in western and southern Europe, Persian Gulf, the Mideast and Africa.

With its anti-Cuba blockades continued for scores of years, the U.S. has cooked up a wave of sabotage plots against the progressive governments in Latin America.

It will be a mistake for those countries to think that the U.S. provocation moves are committed only against the DPRK.

It is the DPRK’s will to put a definite end to the U.S. nuclear threat to other countries.

Remembering the Paris Commune

Happy Paris Commune Day

Dave Fryett

On this day, in 1871, the Commune was born, the best 72 days in history. It marks the beginning of what I like to call the Second Revolutionary Period [the first being 1789-1848] which ended by 1945 with capital’s decapitation of the workers’ movement. Thirty thousand Parisians were executed when the Commune was overrun, hundreds of thousands more revolutionaries than that, the cream of proletarian militancy, died at the hands of Franco, Hitler, Mussolini and others in an archipelago of camps stretching from Iberia to the Ukraine.

One might say that such a lengthy funereal procession is nothing to celebrate, but I think that it is fitting that we should commemorate our martyrs. It has indeed been a staggering start for those of us who seek a world free of exploitation and tyranny, but power has had millennia and a whole world in which to hone its ugly craft, we emancipators are just now taking our first baby steps. The defeats, as numbing and catastrophic as they have been, are not what matter. Rather it is the inextinguishable, dull, thumping ache for freedom and justice that we witness daily on this planet to which we should pay heed. That inexhaustible longing, which invariably surfaces whenever the existing order collapses, as happened in Paris in 1871, is the flame which cannot be doused. The bourgeoisie came to power in 1789, just yesterday, and it has been fighting for its survival ever since. It has only narrowly escaped extinction on more than one occasion. In historical terms, it cannot last much longer. However unlikely it may appear at any moment, its fate is sealed.

And it was the Communards of Paris who lead they way. They were the first. So they have my deepest affection, and my inexpressible gratitude.

A brief and unabashedly sentimental look at the Paris Commune of 1871 can be found here.




© Compiled and Edited by Alexandra Valiente for Libya 360°.

Leader of the World Revolution



Alexandra Valiente
Libya 360°

Muʿammar al-Gaddāfī
June 1942 – 20 October 2011

Mu’tasim-Billah al-Gaddafi
1977 – 20 October 2011

Our beloved Brother Leader has fallen, along with his son, Mu’tassim.

My heart grieves with the Gaddafi family who have withstood so much pain and loss.

What they have given to the people of Libya stands as a lasting testament to the greatness and nobility of the human spirit.

Safia, the wife of Mu’ammar and mother of Khamis and Mu’tassim, stated she was proud of her children and husband’s courage.

Let us pause to honor the valiant ones for their heroism, service and sacrifice on behalf not only of Libya but of the people of the world.

The words of the Gaddafi family are both a message to the world and a warning to imperialists everywhere.

In August, Aisha Gaddafi stated,

Even if my father and my brothers are martyred, I will continue my fight against Islamic terrorists in Libya…Let the West and their mercenaries take note; Aisha Kadhafi will never surrender to their conspiracy of evil.

I carry the blood of a heroic father in my veins and I have never known the idea of surrender.

NATO and Western assassins killed my husband and my child. But they must know by now that Aisha Kadhafi is a soldier. Even at the cost of my own life, I will free my country from the clutches of Islamic terrorists and Al Qaeda.

In September she announced to the world,

I will not tell you that victory is approaching, but that we live victorious every day…

…And the Libyan people are still resilient and fighting. I commend these heroes and I congratulate all of the Libyan people, along with your Great Leader…who is faithful to God… He bears a weapon and is fighting on the battlefield with his sons, side by side with the Libyan fighters. This is Muammar Gaddafi, putting himself forward to become a fighter and a martyr with his sons. This gives you the right to be proud of your leader!

I call on the lions of Tripoli, the lions of Tarhouna, the eagles of Wershifanna, and the lions of Assabia and Mashaseeya and Arshaydat and Ajaylat and Awayell to the Lions of the Ancient city of Sabha to the lions of Sirte, Abusleem and El-Hadhba and all of the heroes of Tripoli, the resilient. And to all Libyan fighters from the West to the South.

I call on you, I call on you, I call on you!

I would like to quote my brother, who when I asked him to be careful and look after himself on the front line with his brothers…I will never forget his words:


To the heroes of Libya, do not disappoint our martyrs.

Avenge them, avenge them, avenge them!

In September, General Khamis Gaddafi’s message to his Russian friend was released, from which this excerpt is taken,

Thank you to all my classmates and teachers who have given me a winning spirit, and have taught to adequately assess a combat situation and who have given me valuable combat experience and skills. I am honored that I had such teachers; time will show I made them proud.

Thanks to all our supporters from Russia, Ukraine and other former Soviet countries, especially to the brave souls who are fighting shoulder to shoulder with us to defend my country against the aggression.

We will win or die; no one will give up or run away. To die fighting side by side with warriors is the dream of anyone who defends their country.

Libya has always been ours and will always be ours, even if we die.

Many things have changed in the world. Who would have thought that everything would turn out this way? But remember this is what we studied and prepared ourselves for. We will endure this trial with valor.

I want to make sure that Libya, which is now a river flowing with blood, will be seen by the world, so the world finally sees what the United Nations and the so-called “civilized West” are about.

Our blood is not cheap. None of the traitors will sleep peacefully until the end of my days, I swear by God and by the honor of the Libyan Army Officers.


Mu’tasim Gaddafi, on the eve of the October 14th uprising, called for a World Revolution and the final overthrow the global elite. An excerpt follows, but please read the stirring appeal in its entirety.

People of the world!

These words come to you from those who struggle to survive under NATO’s massive criminal bombardments.

Our plight is not covered by Western corporate media.

We are simple people who chose principles over fear.

We have suffered crimes and sanctions, mass murder and looting, which we consider the true weapons of mass destruction.

We have endured weeks and months of agony and despair, while the condemned UN traded with our oil revenues in the name of ‘protecting civilians’.

Over 60,000 innocents have died while waiting for a light at the end of a tunnel that has no end, save for the colonization of our country and the theft of our resources.

After the crimes of the administrations of France and Britain in Libya, we have chosen our future.

It is the future of every resistance struggle in the history of humankind.

It is our duty as well as our right to fight back against the forces of colonization and to hold their nations morally and economically responsible for what their elected governments have destroyed and stolen from our land.

It is ironic that the Libyans are to bear the full burden of this immense and ever-deepening conflict on behalf of the rest of this sleeping world!

We ask you to form a worldwide front against war and NATO. A front that is governed by the wise. A front that will bring reform and order and new institutions that would replace the now corrupt. Put an end to them before they destroy the entire world.

Educate those in doubt of the true nature of this conflict.

The sooner a global revolutionary movement is born, the sooner their fall.

Finally, I invite you to read the message of the Brother Leader from October 6th, 2011.

Take it deeply to heart.

He had absolute faith in the Libyan people.

He had faith in Africa and the vision of a sovereign, united continent.

He had faith that the people of the world are ready and capable of liberating themselves from all forms of tyranny and subjugation.

Although the world abandoned him, he had not given up on you.

The battle is far from over.

Be who you were born to be.

You do not know the idea of surrender or defeat.

Revolutionary blood flows in your veins and the courage of every revolutionary that ever lived beats within your heart, driving you forward to the glorious goal.

The time has come to take away the power we have granted the global elite and withdraw our consent to be governed by them. They are illegitimate and not above the law. Do not look to the corrupt institutions to bring the force of law to bear upon them. They must be brought to justice, tried and sentenced by the people of the world.

Rise up and ensure that they find no sanctuary, no safe haven where they can hide from the consequences of their treachery and the enormity of their crimes against humanity and the planet.

Be bold and resolute!

For Libya! For Humanity! For Freedom and a Just World!

The great tribes of Bani Walid, Sirte, Warshfana and Nawhi are strong and well armed. They will never be defeated because honorable people cannot and will never be subjugated!

The people of Libya, the true Libyans, will never accept invasion and colonization.

We will fight for our freedom and are prepared for much sacrifice. The traitors, the colonizers and NATO’s armies will all be defeated!

The traitors have lost trust and confidence between themselves and their masters. They cannot continue because they are divided and intrinsically vulnerable.

The NTC, who gave them legitimacy?

How did they obtain legitimacy?

Did the Libyan people elect them?

Did the Libyan people appoint them?

And if only the power of NATO bombs and fleets grant legitimacy, then let all the rulers in the Third World beware for the same fate awaits you!

To those who recognize this council as legitimate, beware!

There will be transitional councils created everywhere and imposed upon you and one by one, you shall all fall!

I urge all Libyan people to go out and march in the millions in every square, in every city, village and oases.

Go peacefully with all boldness.

Be courageous.

Rise up!

Go forth! Forward!

Raise our proud Green flag to the skies!

Even if there comes a time when you do not hear my voice, do not give up. Do not despair. Do not stop fighting for your freedom until you have victory!

Obituary For Muammar Al-Gaddafi, Brother Leader of the Revolution and the Valiant Martyrs, Champions of Libyan Freedom
tvarrai October 21, 2011

© Copyright 2011 by Libya 360°

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